Parks, Recreation and Tourism

D. R. Vaught, Chair
School of Natural Resources
105 Anheuser-Busch Natural Resources Building
Phone: (573) 882-7086
Fax: (573) 882-9526
vaughtdr@missouri.edu
http://snr.missouri.edu/prt/academics/parks-rec-tour.php

The Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism is among the oldest nationally accredited programs in the United States. Emphasis areas include: leisure service management (Recreation, Youth Development and Fitness), natural resource recreation management, tourism development, and sport management. The department integrates classroom learning with applied research and internship experiences and is a leader in technology infusion.

All students are required to complete an internship placement, normally taken during the last year of study and after completing all core courses. The semester-long internship is with an on or off-campus agency or organization chosen by the student and faculty. Regional, national and international internship placements are possible. Students may receive direct financial assistance from the agency or organization during the internship. Internships outside the state of Missouri require a 2.5 GPA.

The department offers BS in Parks, Recreation and Tourism and MS in Natural Resources.

Admission

It is possible for students who have a broad, liberal education to transfer into the department without a significant time penalty toward graduation. CLEP credits are accepted and evaluated on an individual basis. Minimum GPA of 2.5 required.

Associate Professor G. L. Hitzhusen*, J. M. Morgan*
Assistant Professor S. A. Wilhelm-Stanis**
Associate Teaching Professor D. R. Vaught*
Assistant Teaching Professor K. J. Lee *, J. R. Upah*, N. M. Watanabe*, G. Yan*
Adjunct Professor D. Eiken*
Director of Internships J. R. Upah*

*

Graduate Faculty Member - membership is required to teach graduate-level courses, chair master's thesis committees, and serve on doctoral examination and dissertation committees.

**

Doctoral Faculty Member - membership is required to chair doctoral examination or dissertation committees.  Graduate faculty membership is a prerequisite for Doctoral faculty membership.

Honors

Students who graduate with the following cumulative GPA values are awarded the baccalaureate degree accordingly:

3.50-3.69 cum laude
3.70-3.89 magna cum laude
3.90 + summa cum laude

School of Natural Resources
105 Anheuser-Busch Natural Resources Building
(573) 882-7086

Parks, Recreation and Tourism's graduate program is housed under the MS in Natural Resources with emphasis in Parks, Recreation and Tourism.  Please visit their page for more information. 

Director of Graduate Studies: Dr. Sonja Wilhelm Stanis

About Parks, Recreation & Tourism

Since virtually everyone participates in some form of leisure, the primary benefit of Parks, Recreation and Tourism (PRT) is to address quality of life issues. The unique interaction of people, places, and activities establish our profession as one of the world’s largest industries. Students learn how to manage service delivery systems by combining theory with practice.

Career Preparation

The purpose of graduate study is to promote research and scholarship as the foundation of professional excellence, thus preparing candidates for management-level positions or admission to doctoral programs.
 

P_R_TR 1010: Introduction to Leisure Studies

History of recreation and leisure movement; theories and philosophies of play, recreation and leisure. Developmental stages of leisure services to contemporary status.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 1011: Academic Planning and Career Orientation in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Orientation to the field and analysis of career opportunities in leisure services. Academic planning leading to B.S. in parks, recreation and tourism.Graded on S/U basis only.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites: Parks, Recreation and Tourism major


P_R_TR 1080: Introduction to Sport Management

This course will examine the meaning of sport management in terms of its history, scope, principles, issues and future trends. In addition, this course examines the job responsibilities and competencies required of sport managers in a variety of sport organizations. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 1081: Sport Facility Design

This course will investigate the functions of management in terms of design, implementation, operating and financing public assembly facilities in order to help sell the sport product. Venues such as public and private arenas, coliseums and stadiums will be studied. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1080
Prerequisites: May be restricted to Parks, Recreation, and Tourism majors
Corequisites: P_R_TR 2082, P_R_TR 2083


P_R_TR 1084: Recreational Shooting Sports

This course provides introductory instruction and hands-on shooting with an introduction to shooting range management. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 1085: The Sports Page

This course is offered to introduce students to Sport Management by discussing the variety of sports, issues, perspectives and people that make the daily sport page worth reading. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1080
Corequisites: Instructor consent required if P_R_TR 1080 is taken concurrently


P_R_TR 1091: Research and Descriptive Statistics for Parks, Recreation and Tourism

An introduction to research methods and techniques and descriptive statistics and their application in the field of recreation and park administration. Math Reasoning Proficiency Course.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2080: Global Sport Environments

This course will provide an overview of organization and management of domestic and international sport, including the Olympic movement and examination of the globalization of U.S. professional sports. The course will also look into facility design and technology used in sports environment. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2082: Domestic and International Sports Environment

This course will provide an overview of organization and management of domestic and international sport, including the Olympic movement and examination of the globalization of U.S. profession sports. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1080
Corequisites: P_R_TR 1081, P_R_TR 2083


P_R_TR 2083: Technological Advancement in Sport

This course will teach students how to solve sports technology problems they will face in their future career, plus develop computer aided design and manufacturing skills. They will also gain skills in team work, communication and presentation, IT, research and project management. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1080
Corequisites: P_R_TR 1081, P_R_TR 2082


P_R_TR 2101: Topics in Park, Recreation and Tourism

Specialized topic content in parks, recreation and tourism programs, management and/or development. Subject content and credit may vary by semester based on faculty resources and student needs. Offered periodically.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2103: Topics in Park, Recreation and Tourism - Behavioral Science

Specialized topic content in parks, recreation and tourism programs, management and/or development. Subject content and credit may vary by semester based on faculty resources and student needs. Offered periodically.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2104: Topics in Park, Recreation and Tourism - Social Science

Specialized topic content in parks, recreation and tourism programs, management and/or development. Subject content and credit may vary by semester based on faculty resources and student needs. Offered periodically.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2107: Aquatics Science

A scientific perspective on water chemistry, preventive maintenance of aquatic facilities with an emphasis on the newest safety and engineering design information and construction techniques.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2111: Introduction to Planning and Evaluating Leisure Environments

Presentation of basic planning principles. Evaluation of existing areas and facilities based upon planning guidelines. Consideration of park plans, standards, terminology, map preparation and evaluation.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2115: Consortium Field Experience

An organized undergraduate experiential learning opportunity.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 2140: Camp Leadership and Management

Organization and administration of camps; program planning; selection and training of staff; camp site selection and development; health and safety; camp history, standards, trends; practical application of camp craft skills.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 2142: Leadership of Social Recreation

Study and practice in techniques of leading social activities suitable for various social settings. Offered periodically.

Credit Hours: 2
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2143: Organization and Conduct of Recreation Centers

Problems of operation, management of playgrounds, recreation centers.

Credit Hours: 2
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2182: Ethics and Current Issues in Sports

Ethical strategies of sport management will be emphasized in all management decisions and current issues that today's sport business professional faces will be studied. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 2206: Introduction to Leisure Service Management

An introduction to public recreation in local government.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1010, P_R_TR 1011, P_R_TR 2111 or instructor's consent


P_R_TR 2281: The Business of Sport

This course focuses on the business side of sport management, considering issues of marketing, sponsorship, and sales. Students will also be presented with actual models relevant to working in sales in the competitive sport environment. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: Some sections may require P_R_TR 1011
Prerequisites: some sections may be restricted to Parks, Recreation, and Tourism majors with Sport Management emphasis or instructor consent


P_R_TR 2355: Private and Commercial Recreation Principles and Practice

Considers principles, practices, influences in public/ private leisure services; influence of tourism/travel on public/private recreation services.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 2711: Experience Internship

This course is designed as an independent study for students to gain professional experience. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011 and P_R_TR 1010


P_R_TR 2750: Methods in Research and Evaluation

An overview of social research methods, including terms, human and scientific inquiry, ethical behavior, literature review, sampling questionnaire construction, types of data collection, statistical analysis, and reporting of results. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites or Corequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 3185: Sports Economics and Finance

This course focuses on the economic and financial issues within the sport industry. The class will help students understand basic and complex concepts within economics and finance in a sport context, and to grasp the importance of financial and economic decision making. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; Restricted to Parks, Recreation, and Tourism majors with Sport Management emphasis or instructor consent


P_R_TR 3185H: Sports Economics and Finance - Honors

This course focuses on the economic and financial issues within the sport industry. The class will help students understand basic and complex concepts within economics and finance in a sport context, and to grasp the importance of financial and economic decision making. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; Restricted to Parks, Recreation, and Tourism majors with Sport Management emphasis or instructor consent. Honors eligibility required


P_R_TR 3189: Pre-Internship Seminar in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

The course is designed to prepare students for P_R_TR 4940. Emphasis is placed on students' responsibilities prior to enrollment in P_R_TR 4940, selecting internship sites and completing internship requirements.

Credit Hour: 1
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; restricted to Parks, Recreation and Tourism students only


P_R_TR 3210: Personnel Management and Leadership in Leisure Services

Considers theories and practices of leadership and management in leisure services employment. Topic presentation in relationships, attitudes, supervision, motivation and group functioning.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; restricted to Parks, Recreation and Tourism majors


P_R_TR 3215: Program Development in Leisure Services

Fundamental principles and techniques of program development; seasonal, year round, specialty areas and total agency program planning.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011, or instructor's consent; restricted to Parks, Recreation and Tourism majors


P_R_TR 3220: Introduction to Recreation for Individuals with Disabilities

Principles, concepts and historical development of recreation for individuals with disabilities. Explanation of attitudes, issues, practice and barriers related to recreation participation. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011 or departmental consent


P_R_TR 3227: Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation

An investigation of therapeutic recreation service delivery models of the P_R_TR 2111 and disabled in both institutional and community settings. Particular emphasis will be placed on advanced leadership and therapeutic interactional skills and dynamics.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 3230: Introduction to Parks and Outdoor Recreation Services

An overview of parks and outdoor recreation, natural environment, supply-demand-need relationships, interpretative programming, management philosophies/practices will be studied.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: instructor's consent
Recommended: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 3231: Principles of Interpretive Outdoor Recreation

Interpretive principles and techniques employed to communicate values, natural history and cultural features to the recreation user.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: instructor's consent
Recommended: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 3282: Governance and Policy in Sport and Leisure

This course serves as a comprehensive study in examining how leisure organizations address fundamental issues of governance and policy. Through careful use of policy and understanding of governance, organizations often form strategies in their attempts to gain an advantage. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; Restricted to Parks, Recreation, and Tourism majors with Sport Management emphasis or instructor consent


P_R_TR 4208: Administration of Leisure Services

(cross-leveled with P_R_TR 7208). Theoretical foundations of the organization and administration of leisure services in both community and institutional settings. Emphasis on the roles of the administrator.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; Restricted to Parks, Recreation and Tourism majors


P_R_TR 4312: Planning Recreation and Leisure Environments

Practical application of basic planning principles and design. Layout and design of various leisure-oriented areas and facilities. Site planning and analysis.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4315: Senior Seminar in Leisure Services

Presentation of professional principles and issues in leisure services. Seminar study resulting in presentations and discussions.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: Parks, Recreation and Tourism majors, professional core or instructor's consent


P_R_TR 4327: Operation of Therapeutic Recreation: Procedures and Principles

Theories and principles of leadership and programming as they apply to recreation services for the ill, handicapped, and aged.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4328: Leisure and Aging

Basic understanding of problems/needs of later maturity in relation to recreation. Characteristics/capabilities of aged, program settings, financial support, planning guidelines emphasized. Objectives: provide fundamentals for recreation planning with aged individuals/groups. Offered periodically.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4329: Therapeutic Recreation Education/Counseling Techniques

Techniques and models of leisure facilitation for use within a variety of clinical, residential and Institutional models. Theories of positive/negative leisure engagement reviewed.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4330: Therapeutic Recreation Assessment/Evaluation Procedures

Reviews accepted clinical protocols for determining a client's physical, emotional, social and cognitive levels of functioning. Competencies in administering, scoring and interpreting multiple tools included.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4331: Administration of Outdoor Recreation - Education Programs

(cross-leveled with P_R_TR 7331). Philosophies, essential principles, methods, techniques, resources, administrative and program practices for outdoor recreation and education. Offered periodically.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4333: Park Management

Basic principles, practices and problems involved in managing public park systems. Consideration given to local, district, county, state, federal and foreign park systems.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; Restricted to Parks, Recreation and Tourism majors


P_R_TR 4340: Advanced Recreation Land Management

(cross-leveled with P_R_TR 7340). Advanced study of problems facing forest recreation managers. Topics include rivers recreation, wilderness management and citizen participation in decision making. Offered periodically.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: instructor's consent
Recommended: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4350: Problems in Parks, Recreation and Tourism


Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; departmental consent


P_R_TR 4356: Tourism Management

Introduction to the scope and scale of the tourism industry. Focus on the industry components, concepts, structures, relationships, and issues with regard to accommodation, transportation, travel, regional development, political system, and the economic, social and environmental effects of tourism.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011


P_R_TR 4357: Tourism Planning and Development

Nature and scope of tourism planning at the local, regional, and national levels; economic social, environmental, and policy considerations. Comparative study of initiating, planning and implementing tourism and the organization of community resources for developing and controlling a tourism industry.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011 and P_R_TR 4356


P_R_TR 4385: Legal Aspects of Sport

This course studies the U. S. legal system, its structure and terminology. Legal aspects of contract law, statutory law, constitutional law, intellectual property, torts, negligence, and risk management in sport will be examined. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; Restricted to Parks, Recreation, and Tourism majors with Sports Management emphasis or instructor consent


P_R_TR 4940: Parks, Recreation and Tourism Internship

Supervised professional experience with an approved organization. Course entails weekly reports, case studies, agency evaluations and a special project related to the student's curricular emphasis. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 12
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011 and P_R_TR 3189, P_R_TR majors only, instructor's consent


P_R_TR 4949: Western Canada Study Abroad

This course provides students an educational opportunity to explore Western Canada. Students analyze natural resource management, customer and visitor relations, community relations, cultural entrepreneurship, and transportation networks with US and Canadian Management methods.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; instructor's consent


P_R_TR 4950: Independent Research in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Independent research project in parks, recreation and tourism. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 1011; instructor's consent


P_R_TR 7208: Administration of Leisure Services

(cross-leveled with P_R_TR 4208). Theoretical foundations of the organization and administration of leisure services in both community and institutional settings. Emphasis on the roles of the administrator.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7312: Planning Recreation and Leisure Environments

Practical application of basic planning principles and design. Layout and design of various leisure-oriented areas and facilities. Site planning and analysis.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7328: Leisure and Aging

Basic understanding of problems/needs of later maturity in relation to recreation. Characteristics/capabilities of aged, program settings, financial support, planning guidelines emphasized. Objectives: provide fundamentals for recreation planning with aged individuals/groups. Offered periodically. .

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7331: Administration of Outdoor Recreation - Education Programs

(cross-leveled with P_R_TR 4331). Philosophies, essential principles, methods, techniques, resources, administrative and program practices for outdoor recreation and education. Offered periodically.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7333: Park Management

Basic principles, practices and problems involved in managing public park systems. Consideration given to local, district, county, state, federal and foreign park systems.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7340: Advanced Recreation Land Management

(cross-leveled with P_R_TR 4340). Advanced study of problems facing forest recreation managers. Topics include rivers recreation, wilderness management and citizen participation in decision making. Offered periodically.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7355: Private and Commercial Recreation Principles and Practice

Considers principles, practices, influences in public/ private leisure services; influence of tourism/travel on public/private recreation services.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7356: Tourism Management

Introduction to the scope and scale of the tourism industry. Focus on the industry components, concepts, structures, relationships, and issues with regard to accommodation, transportation, travel, regional development, political system, and the economic, social and environmental effects of tourism.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 7357: Tourism Planning and Development

Nature and scope of tourism planning at the local, regional, and national levels; economic social, environmental, and policy considerations. Comparative study of initiating, planning and implementing tourism and the organization of community resources for developing and controlling a tourism industry.

Credit Hours: 3
Prerequisites: P_R_TR 7356


P_R_TR 7960: Guided Reading in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Selected reading in parks, recreation and tourism identified to fulfill a graduate student's academic needs or specialized interests.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 8080: Foundations of Sport

This course focuses on the business side of sport management, primarily considering issues of marketing, sponsorship, and sales. In this, students will not only supplement knowledge of these concepts, but also be presented with actual models relevant to working in sales in the competitive sport environment. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8085: Problems in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Independent research on special projects.

Credit Hour: 1-6
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 8087: Masters Level Graduate Seminar in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

In this course, students and faculty will discuss and critically analyze contemporary issues on social concerns relating to leisure services. Graded on S/U basis only.

Credit Hours: 2


P_R_TR 8088: Sport and Leisure Economics

This course focuses on the business side of sport management, primarily considering issues of marketing, sponsorship, and sales. In this, students will not only supplement knowledge of these concepts, but also be presented with actual models relevant to working in sales in the competitive sport environment. Graded on A-F basis only.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8089: Research Project

Individual research on approved project. Involves creativity and scholarly inquiry where product does not adhere to the traditional thesis format. Graded on S/U basis only.

Credit Hour: 1-99
Prerequisites: Parks, Recreation and Tourism graduate major


P_R_TR 8090: Thesis Research in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Research leading to thesis in field of parks, recreation and tourism. Graded on S/U basis only.

Credit Hour: 1-6
Prerequisites: Parks, Recreation and Tourism graduate major


P_R_TR 8400: Constructs of Leisure

Review analysis and implications of fundamental psycho-social determinants of leisure behavior. Application theories of determinants to existing and proposed leisure service systems.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8401: Topics in Recreation and Park Administration

Specialized topics in recreation and park administration dynamics. Subjects and credits vary by semester based on available faculty resources and expertise. Course content announced in advance.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 8411: Independent Work in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Independent research or special projects in parks, recreation and tourism.

Credit Hour: 1-3
Prerequisites: instructor's consent


P_R_TR 8420: Leisure, Technology and Human Values

Study of the developmental patterns of leisure services in society with emphasis to the dynamics of technology and leisure on individual and social values.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8427: Contemporary Issues in Therapeutic Recreation

The course will include new issues and ideas in the field of therapeutic recreation, such as registration, insurance, liability, licensure, assessment, etc., and how they relate to practitioners and services to clients.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8430: Research Methods in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Analysis of basic research methodology. Review and analysis of research work completed in recreation, park and leisure field.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8436: Visitor Behavior and Policy

Course presents issues, concerns and policies dealing with multi-management/planning/operations of outdoor resource based recreation. Such issues as energy, economics, social/ political, pollution and user characteristics will be studied.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8440: Philosophical Perspectives of Leisure

Study of the theoretical and philosophical perspective of leisure in society with emphasis on integration and development of the student's personal and professional viewpoint.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8450: Administration in Leisure Service Delivery

Review, analysis and synthesis of administrative functions as related to public and private recreation and leisure service enterprises.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8460: Financial Operations in Leisure Service Delivery

Review and critical analysis of financial functions, strategies and methodology as related to public and private recreation and leisure service enterprises.

Credit Hours: 3


P_R_TR 8940: Internship in Parks, Recreation and Tourism

Supervised student practice in recreation, park or related settings under qualified instructor.

Credit Hour: 1-6
Prerequisites: Parks, Recreation and Tourism graduate major