Minor in American Constitutional Democracy

For general questions about the minor, contact:

Justin Dyer, Program Director
(573) 882-3777

Political Science Academic Advisor
(573) 882-2580

The minor in American Constitutional Democracy is designed for those students who wish to delve more deeply into the American experience with self government, exploring the development of the American state and the intellectual, political, historical, and cultural forces that contributed to this development. The minor is appropriate for students in many majors, particularly political science, economics, history, and journalism.

The minor affords students a unique opportunity to gain a broad perspective on issues of American political development, allowing focus on areas where they may have additional educational requirements not offered in their chosen major field of study. In addition, it contains an “experiential” component that permits students to consider constitutional issues in practice and/or in comparative perspective.


A minimum of fifteen (15) credits are required for the minor. Students in the minor must maintain a B average (3.0 GPA) for courses in the minor.

A minimum of twelve (12) credits must come from the following courses. At least nine (9) hours must be completed at MU.

Additionally, a minimum of three (3) credits must come from an experiential component. The experiential component may be satisfied through participation in either an internship or study abroad program associated with the minor or approved by the director of the minor. 

The minor must be completed with courses from at least two (2) subject areas.

  • A minor must be completed and awarded at the same time as the MU undergraduate degree
  • Once an A&S minor is awarded, a student cannot return to MU to complete a major in the same department
  • Minor coursework cannot also be used for Foreign Language Alternative
AMS 3100The Age of Pericles3
AMS 4800Political Thought in Classical and Christian Antiquity3
BL_STU 2004Topics in Black Studies-Social Science (Black Political Thought)3
BL_STU 2425Race and the American Story1
ECONOM 4004Topics in Economics- Social Science (American Political Economics)1-3
ECONOM 4320History of Economic Thought3
ECONOM 4367Law and Economics3
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (The Affordable Care Act & the Consitutional Order)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Arbitration and Liberty of Contract)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Constitutional Interpretation)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Crisis and Consitutional Government)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Give Me Liberty or Give Me Arbitration)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Hamilton and the Constitutional Foreign Affairs Powers)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (The Idea of Human Rights)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (The Impeachment Power & American Constitutional Balance)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (The Unalienable Right to the Pursuit of Happiness)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Justice)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Liberal Democratic Legacy)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (An Overview of Liberal Democratic Theory and Practice)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Whitman's Democratic Legacy)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial ("Dynamic Disequilibrium" in American Markets and Politics)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Housing Segregation)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (The Cold War)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (How the Law Recognizes and Defines Property Rights)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Nuclear Weapons, Wartime Drafts, and Cyber Warfare)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (The Presidency & Ethics)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Myths of American Political Culture)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Justice and Celebration in the Ethics of What We Eat)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (From Dred Scott to Mike Brown)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Voting in America)1
GN_HON 2010HHonors Tutorial (Strategic Leadership & Moral Responsibility)1
GN_HON 2230HHonors Social Science Colloquium (Race and Nationalism in American Political History)2-3
HIST 1500Foundations of Western Civilization3
HIST 1540England Before the Glorious Revolution3
HIST 2004Topics in History-Social Science (British Empire, 1560-1858)3
HIST 2100The Revolutionary Transformation of America3
HIST 2100HThe Revolutionary Transformation of America - Honors3
HIST 2120HThe Young Republic - Honors3
HIST 2150The American Civil War: A Global History3
HIST 2430History of American Religion3
HIST 2440History of Missouri3
HIST 2445American Constitutional Democracy3
HIST 3000History of Religion in America to the Civil War3
HIST 3210History of Religion in Post-Civil War America3
HIST 3220U.S. Women's Political History, 1880-Present3
HIST 4000Age of Jefferson3
HIST 4004Topics in History-Social Science (Global History at Oxford)4
HIST 4004Topics in History-Social Science (Constitutionalism in the Americas)3
HIST 4004HTopics in History-Social Science - Honors (Music & Politics in the United States)3
HIST 4004Topics in History-Social Science (18th Century Atlantic Revolutions)3
HIST 4040Slavery and the Crisis of the Union: The American Civil War Era3
HIST 4060The Period of the American Revolution, 1760-17893
HIST 4080American Foreign Policy from Colonial Times to 18983
HIST 4100American Cultural and Intellectual History to 18653
HIST 4200American Cultural and Intellectual History Since 18653
HIST 4400History of American Law3
HIST 4510Crime and Punishment: Law in Classical Athens3
HIST 4515Power and Oratory in Ancient Greece3
HIST 4620Modern England3
HIST 4650Revolutionary France, 1789-18153
HIST 4900Beltway History: American Constitutional Democracy in Theory and Practice3
HIST 4940Internship in History3
HIST 4975Journal on Constitutional Democracy1-3
PHIL 4600Political and Social Philosophy3
PHIL 4610Philosophy of Law3
POL_SC 2250Missouri Politics3
POL_SC 2445American Constitutional Democracy3
POL_SC 2450The Intellectual World of the American Founders3
POL_SC 2450HThe Intellectual World of the American Founders - Honors3
POL_SC 2455Constitutional Debates3
POL_SC 2455HConstitutional Debates - Honors3
POL_SC 2800Liberty, Justice and the Common Good3
POL_SC 2860American Political Thought3
POL_SC 4004Topics in Political Science - Social Science (The Constitutional Debates)3
POL_SC 4004Topics in Political Science - Social Science (The Politics of Emergency)3
POL_SC 4004Topics in Political Science - Social Science (Natural Law & Natural Rights)3
POL_SC 4130African-American Politics3
POL_SC 4140Congress and Legislative Policy3
POL_SC 4150The American Presidency3
POL_SC 4170Politics of the American South3
POL_SC 4190Elections and Democracy in the United States3
POL_SC 4200The American Constitution3
POL_SC 4210Constitutional Rights3
POL_SC 4220The United States Supreme Court3
POL_SC 4230Constitution and Civil Liberties3
POL_SC 4370The Administrative State, Public Policy and Constitutional Democracy3
POL_SC 4390United States Health Politics and Policy3
POL_SC 4540American Foreign Policies3
POL_SC 4780Dictatorship and Democracy3
POL_SC 4790The Age of Democratization?3
POL_SC 4800Classical Political Theory3
POL_SC 4810Modern Political Theory3
POL_SC 4830Democracy in America (and Elsewhere)3
POL_SC 4840Developing Dynamics of Democracy3
POL_SC 4850Scots and the Making of America3
POL_SC 4900Beltway History and Politics: American Constitutional Democracy in Theory and Practice3
POL_SC 4940Political Science Internship3-6
POL_SC 4975Journal on Constitutional Democracy1-3
PUB_AF 4001Topics in Public Affairs (Ethics & Leadership)3

Note: Students may petition the director of the minor to include a maximum of three (3) hours from a related course outside the Departments of Political Science and History. Outside courses may have additional prerequisites.