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Certificate in American Constitutional Democracy


The certificate in American Constitutional Democracy recognizes students who have completed twelve (12) hours of coursework at the University of Missouri on the history, theory, and practice of constitutional democracy in the US and around the globe. In contrast to the minor, students pursuing the certificate are not required to complete a study abroad course, internship, or other experiential class.

Note: courses used to satisfy a major requirement may also count toward a certificate. However, students may not receive credit for both the certificate and the minor in American Constitutional Democracy and cannot apply transfer credit to the certificate.

Students must maintain a "B" average (3.0 GPA) in all certificate coursework. All coursework must be completed at MU.

A certificate consists of at least 12 credits; at least 12 credits must be taken in MU course work. Students must meet the minimum GPA requirements for a certificate, which in no case can be lower than 2.0. In addition, a student cannot receive a grade lower than a C- in any course applied towards a certificate in the College. For more information, please see Requirements for an Optional Certificate.

Must complete 12 hours from the following courses:
AMS 3100The Age of Pericles3
or AMS 3100H The Age of Pericles - Honors
AMS 4800Political Thought in Classical and Christian Antiquity3
BL_STU 2425Race and the American Story3
or CNST_DEM 2425 Race and the American Story
or POL_SC 2425 Race and the American Story
BL_STU 2604Caribbean History and Culture3
BL_STU 2804Black Political Thought3
BL_STU 2904Black Studies in Slavery and Freedom3
or HIST 2904 Black Studies in Slavery and Freedom
BL_STU 3605The History of Blacks in Germany3
or BL_STU 3605H The History of Blacks in Germany - Honors
or GERMAN 3605 African-European Histories: The African Diaspora in Germany and Beyond
or GERMAN 3605H African-European Histories: The African Diaspora in Germany and Beyond - Honors
BL_STU 3670Global History of Black Power3
or HIST 3410 Global History of Black Power
BL_STU 3804Resistance in the Black Atlantic3
BL_STU 4415African Americans and American Justice3
or BL_STU 4415W African Americans and American Justice - Writing Intensive
BL_STU 4303Black Studies in Race, Class, Gender, and U.S. Policy3
BL_STU 4640African Politics3
or POL_SC 4640 African Politics
CNST_DEM 2100The Revolutionary Transformation of Early America3
or HIST 2100 The Revolutionary Transformation of America
CNST_DEM 2100HThe Revolutionary Transformation of Early America - Honors3
or HIST 2100H The Revolutionary Transformation of America - Honors
CNST_DEM 2120The Young Republic3
or HIST 2120 The Young Republic
CNST_DEM 2120HThe Young Republic - Honors3
or HIST 2120H The Young Republic - Honors
CNST_DEM 2450The Intellectual World of the American Founders3
or POL_SC 2450 The Intellectual World of the American Founders
CNST_DEM 2450HThe Intellectual World of the American Founders - Honors3
or POL_SC 2450H The Intellectual World of the American Founders - Honors
CNST_DEM 2455Constitutional Debates3
or POL_SC 2455 Constitutional Debates
CNST_DEM 2455HConstitutional Debates - Honors3
or POL_SC 2455H Constitutional Debates - Honors
CNST_DEM 4231Constitutional Litigation3
or POL_SC 4231 Constitutional Litigation
CNST_DEM 4400History of American Law3
or HIST 4400 History of American Law
or CNST_DEM 4400W History of American Law - Writing Intensive
or HIST 4400W History of American Law - Writing Intensive
CNST_DEM 4835Race and Politics in South Africa3
or BL_STU 4835 Race and Politics in South Africa
or HIST 4835 Race and Politics in South Africa
or HIST 4835H Race and Politics in South Africa - Honors
CNST_DEM 4900Beltway History and Politics: American Constitutional Democracy in Theory and Practice3
or HIST 4900 Beltway History: American Constitutional Democracy in Theory and Practice
or POL_SC 4900 Beltway History and Politics: American Constitutional Democracy in Theory and Practice
CNST_DEM 4940Internship in Constitutional Democracy3-6
CNST_DEM 4975Journal on Constitutional Democracy1-3
or CNST_DEM 4975H Journal on Constitutional Democracy - Honors
ECONOM 3367Law and Economics3
or ECONOM 3367W Law and Economics - Writing Intensive
ENV_SC 4400WEnvironmental Law, Policy, and Justice - Writing Intensive3
GN_HON 2245HRevolutions3
GN_HON 2246HConstitutions3
HIST 2150The American Civil War: A Global History3
HIST 2210Twentieth Century America3
HIST 2440History of Missouri3
HIST 2570The First World War and its Aftermath3
HIST 2820Taiwan: The First Chinese Democracy3
HIST 3200Black Freedom Movement, 1955-19733
or BL_STU 3200 Black Freedom Movement, 1955-1973
HIST 3210History of Religion in Post-Civil War America3
HIST 3485The United States and the Middle East3
HIST 3545World War II3
HIST 3560The Scientific Revolution3
HIST 3620Britain and the Sea3
HIST 3815Africa and the World: Studies in African Histories, Cultures and Politics3
HIST 3855Japan and Britain, 1850-1940: The 'Two Island Empires'3
HIST 3860History of Mexico3
HIST 4070Indians and Europeans in Early America3
HIST 4075Global History in Oxford4
or CNST_DEM 4075 Global History in Oxford
or HIST 4075H Global History in Oxford - Honors
HIST 4235The Wire: Race, Urban Inequality, and the "Crisis" of the American City3
or BL_STU 4335 The Wire: Race, Urban Inequality, and the "Crisis" of the American City
HIST 4260The Age of Ascendancy: U.S. Foreign Relations, 1945 - Present3
HIST 4270African-Americans in the Twentieth Century3
HIST 4280America in the Reagan Years3
HIST 4580The "Making" of Modern Europe: Identity, Culture, Empire3
HIST 4615Empire's Crossroads: Britain and the Middle East3
HIST 4650Revolutionary France, 1789-18153
HIST 4680From the Rise of the Nazis to the Fall of the Wall: German History in the Twentieth Century3
HIST 4800Modern China and Japan: War, Imperialism and Memory3
HIST 4821Constitutionalism in the Americas3
or HIST 4821W Constitutionalism in the Americas - Writing Intensive
HIST 4880Chinese Migration: From Yellow Peril to Model Minority3
HIST 4910WHistory in the Public An Introduction to the Theory & Practice of Public History - Writing Intensive3
HIST 4940Internship in History3
JOURN 4000Communications Law3
PHIL 4600Justice, Rights, and the State3
POL_SC 2200The Judicial Process3
POL_SC 2250Missouri Politics3
POL_SC 2410The Politics of International Law3
POL_SC 2445American Constitutional Democracy3
or CNST_DEM 2445 American Constitutional Democracy
POL_SC 2600Canadian Politics and Government3
POL_SC 2860American Political Thought3
POL_SC 4131Race and Politics3
POL_SC 4140Congress and Legislative Policy3
POL_SC 4141The History of American Legislatures3
POL_SC 4150The American Presidency3
or POL_SC 4150W The American Presidency - Writing Intensive
POL_SC 4190Elections and Democracy in the United States3
POL_SC 4200The American Constitution3
or POL_SC 4200W The American Constitution - Writing Intensive
POL_SC 4210Constitutional Rights3
POL_SC 4220The United States Supreme Court3
POL_SC 4230Constitution and Civil Liberties3
POL_SC 4320Public Policy3
POL_SC 4370Law, Policy, and Regulation3
POL_SC 4380Politics of Criminal Justice3
POL_SC 4390United States Health Politics and Policy3
POL_SC 4420Politics of International Economic Relations3
POL_SC 4430Global Human Rights3
POL_SC 4440International Organization3
POL_SC 4540American Foreign Policies3
or POL_SC 4540W American Foreign Policies - Writing Intensive
POL_SC 4550Environmental Conflict3
POL_SC 4680Chinese Politics and Foreign Policy3
POL_SC 4690Korean Politics: North and South Korea3
POL_SC 4750Power and Money3
POL_SC 4800Classical Political Theory3
POL_SC 4810Modern Political Theory3
POL_SC 4820Contemporary Political Theory3
POL_SC 4940Political Science Internship3-6
WGST 2020Feminist Theory3
WGST 3260 Gender, Law and Justice3
WGST 3450WFeminist Methodologies - Writing Intensive3

Note: Students may petition the director of the certificate to have a maximum of three (3) hours from a course not on the list above apply toward the degree. Outside courses may have additional prerequisites. 

Contact Information

For general questions about the certificate, contact:

Thomas Kane
(573) 882-3330